normal balance

When we’re talking about Normal Balances for Expense accounts, we assign a Normal Balance based on the effect on Equity. Because of the impact on Equity (it decreases), we assign a Normal Debit Balance. Every transaction that happens in a business has an impact on the owner’s Equity, their value in the business.

Remember that the balance sheet represents the accounting equation, where assets equal liabilities plus stockholders’ equity. All this is basic and common sense for accountants, bookkeepers and other people experienced in studying balance sheets, but it can make a layman scratch his head. To better understand normal balances, one should first be familiar with accounting terms such as debits, credits, and the different types of accounts.

Permanent and Temporary Accounts

Table 3.1 shows the normal balances and increases for each account type. A debit records financial information on the left side of each account. A credit records financial information on the right side of an account. One side of each account will increase and the other side will decrease.

normal balance

Within IU’s KFS, debits and credits can sometimes be referred to as “to” and “from” accounts. These accounts, like debits and credits, increase and decrease revenue, expense, asset, liability, and net asset accounts. To better visualize debits and credits in various financial statement line items, T-Accounts are commonly used. Debits are presented on the left-hand side of the T-account, whereas credits are presented on the right. Included below are the main financial statement line items presented as T-accounts, showing their It should be noted that if an account is normally a debit balance it is increased by a debit entry, and if an account is normally a credit balance it is increased by a credit entry.

Normal account balance definition

There are also contra revenue accounts, which cover sales returns. A contra asset account covers things such as accumulated Bookkeeping for Solo and Small Law Firms depreciation. Since cash was paid out, the asset account Cash is credited and another account needs to be debited.

Since the service was performed at the same time as the cash was received, the revenue account Service Revenues is credited, thus increasing its account balance. Revenues and gains are recorded in accounts such as Sales, Service Revenues, Interest Revenues (or Interest Income), and Gain on Sale of Assets. These accounts normally have credit balances that are increased with a credit entry.

What is the Normal Balance for Revenue Accounts?

The of an account is either a debit (left side) or a credit (right side). It’s the column we would expect to see the account balance show up. The account on left side of this equation has a normal balance of debit.